Target Badge Pointers

Target Badges


I generally do not see a need to include links for the Citizenship badge, however to assist scouts in planning a Scouts own, here are some notes.

A part of Scouting is Reverence for our God (whomever that may be personally).
A "Scouts Own" is an inspirational time, usually built around a central theme, such as friendship, world peace, save the earth, or appreciation of the world around us. Just about any topic consistent with the principles and program goals of Scouting is appropriate.
A "Scouts Own" can range from lively to somber. The intent is generally serious, however, and usually reflective.
For more notes about the Scout's Own, see the Cubstuff gold Boomerang Page (as it is not specifically Cub-directed) or NSW Scouts South Coast & Tablelands website
. There are many sample Scouts Own ideas available on their site.

One of the options for the Heritage section of the Pioneeer and Explorer Citizenship badges involves local history and the meaning of local place names. Wikipedia has quite useful information on many suburbs and places that will assist scouts to cover this requirement.
Examples in my local area are:


NSW Fire lighting laws

Fire permits are not required for fires that are lit for the purpose of heating or cooking.
However you must ensure that:

  • the fire is in a permanently constructed fire place and/or it is at a site with at least two metres cleared of all combustible materials
  • a responsible person is in attendance at all times
  • the fire is completely extinguished before leaving.
For more information about fire permits, see
this pdf from the NSW Rural Fire service.
If you are interstate and have similar local information, please pass them to me for inclusion.

Knots and Lashings

The South Australia Branch of Scouts Australia has
a great list of knots and how to tie them

Pioneering/Construction projects

Pioneering (or construction) projects are an important aspect of the outdoor campcraft target.

Naismith's Rule

Wildwalks has a good page on using Naismith's Rule for estimating hike travel times.

True North or Magnetic North?

True north is a constant and refers to the geographic North Pole.
The Earth's North Magnetic Pole is the point on the surface of the Northern Hemisphere at which the Earth's magnetic field points vertically downwards.
The North Magnetic Pole moves over time due to magnetic changes in the Earth's core. Loosely speaking, magnetic north is the direction your compass will point. As magenetic north moves over the years, maps show True North so they do not need to be constantly replaced to keep up with that movement.

Magnetic declination is the angle between magnetic north (the direction the north end of a compass needle points) and true north. The declination is positive when the magnetic north is east of true north.
A magnetic compass points to magnetic north, not geographic north. Compasses of the style commonly used for hiking usually include a "baseplate" marked with a bezel that includes a graduated scale of degrees along with the four cardinal directions. Most advanced / costlier compasses include a declination adjustment. Such an adjustment moves the red "orienting arrow" (found on the base of the liquid filled cylinder that contains the needle) relative to the bezel and the baseplate. Either the cylinder will have a mark to be read against the scale of degrees on the baseplate, or a separate scale will display the current adjustment in degrees.


Types of Ropes

Types of ropes and their respective advantages and disadvantages are discussed on

Pioneering/Construction projects

Pioneering (or construction) projects are an important aspect of the outdoor campcraft target.

Improvised Shelters

Try these ideas for improvised shelters.

Proficiency Badges

While not all will run this type of event, Scouts South Australia have run proficiency badge camps that may interest leaders.
Be warned - you may feel challenged to do likewise.


Rope Types

There are several types of rope, and each has it's own advantages and disadvantages. These are detailed on the pages linked here.

Bushcraft Camps

Be inspired - try these Bushcraft camp (run by Scouts South Australia).

How to survive a bushfire

You may find each of the links below to be of assistance.

Treating Hypothermia

Methods of treating Hypothermia are discussed at (note: call 000 in Australia, not 911)
and at

Navigating by the sun or stars

Oberon SES have some great resources covering Improvised Navigation that will be of interest to those wishing to be able to "navigate the Surface of the Earth with less than a GPS or Compass".

Telling the time by both sun and stars

Whilst the majority of relevant websites out there give information relating to the Northern Hemisphere, these will give you some useful guidance for those of us in Australia and other southern hemisphere countries.

There are some ideas in the above pages for finding north using physical gadgets other than sundials.

Water Purification Methods

There are three ways to treat suspected water: filtration, boiling and chemical water purification.

  • Filtering water doesn't purify it, but it reduces particles and sediment and makes the water taste better. Learn how to make a water filter.
  • Boiling is the most certain way of killing all microorganisms. However, boiling will NOT neutralize chemical pollutants, nor will it remove sediment
  • To purify water with chemicals, use water purification tablets like these that should be included in your survival kit.

Purification filters

There are microbial purification filters available that not only removes parasites such as Giardia, but also kill waterborne bacteria and viruses. For example, Bushwalkingskills

  • Use a lifestraw
  • Obtaining water under survival conditions has a great page of methods for finding or creating water.

    Making Rope

    Whatknot shows one way to make a useful rope,
    while is about making rope with hand operated rope machines.
    There are also many video-style presentations such as
    this one about Making rope out of dead plants.

    Backwoods Cooking

    For our purposes here, Backwoods Cooking refers to using nil or minimal utensils to cook a meal. For lightweight camping (such as the NSW State Rally) this is an especially useful skill to have, as less utelnsils means less weight in your backpack.
    here are a range of great resources -


    In Sydney, Rock School is run by the South Metropolitan Region Activities team on the first Saturday of each month. Scouts can learn to abseil and qualify to earn the Abseiling Proficieny badge. They also cater for more experienced abseilers.

    To book, contact South Metropolitan Scouts
    (1 Carrington Avenue, Hurstville. NSW. 2220).
    Tel: 02 9570 4525


    If you are interested in earning the Astronomer badge, either individually or as a Patrol, you will find the facility and information at Sydney Observatory ( very useful.
    As I am based in the southern part of Sydney, we use Green Point Observatory, which is run by the volunteer members of Sutherland Astronomical Society Incorporated (


    One of the Special badges that can also be earned is the Deaf Language Badge.
    One of the language options is AUSLAN.
    The Auslan signbank site will assist you in learning it.

    © 2011 Ian Moggs, all rights reserved.

    Last updated 11th November 2013.

    Email me anytime - i2 @ robian .net (without the spaces).